The Black Death (or the fear of it) killed 50% of the population (or perhaps no-one died at all);
another made up disease and unreliable mathematical model
The ‘Black Death’ or’ Plague’, which supposedly occurred between 1347 and 1351, is said to have killed half the population in England.
Pharma marketing website wikipedia say ‘researchers are hampered by the lack of reliable statistics from this period. Most work has been done on the spread of the disease in England, and even estimates of overall population at the start vary by over 100% as no census was undertaken in England between the time of publication of the Domesday Book of 1086 and the poll tax of the year 1377.’
In other words; no-one knows how many people were alive to start with.
‘Estimates of plague victims are usually extrapolated from figures for the clergy.’ The figures used are for vacancies in the clergy, historians admit it is very difficult to determine the cause of the vacancy. The vacancies are said to have gone from about 30/1000 before 1347 to about 400/1000.
The number of deaths between 1347 and 1351 may be an inaccurate extrapolation from the vacancies seen in the beneficed clergy. Deaths are difficult to distinguish from resignation or transfer, and maybe many clergy just ran away from the the perceived danger of their duties.
There is also limited information on deaths in a few manorial records of affected areas, which have been extrapolated as applying to the whole population.
The apparent doubling of the population between 1086 and 1347, and the subsequent halving, may not have happened at all. Perhaps the population didn’t rise at all until the 1600’s when changes in agriculture supported a larger population.
The boost to the economy, cheaper grains and higher builders wages seen after the so called Black Death are also very difficult to explain in a country devastated by mass death of workers and disruption. Attempting to explain the boom by claiming that England was overpopulated before the Black Death, with a population of 3-6 million, seems pretty far fetched. Builders wages may be higher as they were paid danger money and also why would builders be employed at high cost if there were lots of empty houses available after a mass die off of people?
Studies on cereal grain pollen show that agriculture change or decline was heterogeneous across Europe with many areas unaffected and some area showing an increase in cereal grain production, possibly explaining why grains became cheaper.
Some criticise this paper saying that the decrease in grain in Sweden may have had other causes such as migration and cannot be said to be due to the Black Death. One 10% of people lived in cities were the deaths were concentrated, even if 50% of these died most rural populations were unaffected. The Black Death is then more likely to have wiped out about 5% of the population not 50%. Other areas were flourishing and agriculture grain output increasing, perhaps explaining cheaper grains, so the overall the death rate may not have even changed very much at all.
The evidence for mass deaths in the middle of the 14th century seems to be limited, and in Sweden is only indicated by double or triple graves; maybe it was just lack of consecrated ground in cemeteries, perhaps because clergy had run away from their duties through fear, which lead to multiple graves.
The symptoms of the Black Death are ‘fever, headaches, painful aching joints, nausea and vomiting, and a general feeling of malaise.’ These symptoms could have been caused by detoxification from just about anything; fever and inflammation (use of temperature and sweating to expel toxins, causing headaches and painful aching joints), pustules, boils, spots, nausea and vomiting (toxins expelled directly through skin and mouth), lymph nodes swelling (macrophages and the cells of homeostasis are activated) and importantly the stimulus to rest and allow the body to recover (tiredness and general malaise).
‘Contemporary accounts of the pandemic are varied and often imprecise.’ In other words we can take them with a big pinch of historical salt. ‘The most commonly noted symptom was the appearance of buboes (or gavocciolos) in the groin, neck, and armpits, which oozed pus and bled when opened.’
Black Death or the Bubonic plague is allegedly caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis spread by fleas (why didn’t the infected fleas die?) supposedly carried by black rats (why didn’t the rats die). However ‘Archeologist Barney Sloane has argued that there is insufficient evidence of the extinction of numerous rats in the archaeological record of the medieval waterfront in London and that the disease spread too quickly to support the thesis that Y. pestis was spread from fleas on rats’; he argues that transmission must have been person to person. Some suggest it was transmitted by human fleas.
If the spread was so quick it is more likely to be caused by toxins in the environment. If there was an infectious plague how did it die out again so quickly in 1351; there was no effective treatment and no antibiotics? How come people suddenly became immune to the bacteria in 1351, did it mutate to harmlessness very quickly? Did human fleas stop being infected or did they stop biting people?
In 1894, the Swiss physician Alexandre Yersin, a student of Louis Pasteur, examined plague victims in Hong Kong. Under the microscope he found masses of bacteria. He asserted that these bacteria had caused the Great Plague and named the bacterium Yersinia pestis. One of Yersin’s students claimed that he had found the Yersinia pestis bacillus in the stomach of rat fleas. He argued that the flea bite had injected the people with the bacteria.
‘Y. pestis was discovered (grown in culture) by Alexandre Yersin, a pupil of Louis Pasteur (a known fraudster), during an epidemic of bubonic plague in Hong Kong in 1894; Yersin also proved this bacillus was present in rodents and suggested the rat was the main vehicle of transmission’. Yersin found a ‘new’ bacteria (it’s estimated that still only about 1% of bacteria has been cultured and characterised) in some sick people, though it may also be in healthy people (no controls were done), as well as in the stomach of some dead rats. Even if Y. pestis is correlated with symptoms of the ‘plague’ it has not shown to be causative of them.
‘Definitive confirmation of the role of Y. pestis arrived in 2010 with a publication in PLOS Pathogens by Haensch et al. They assessed the presence of DNA/RNA with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) techniques for Y. pestis from the tooth sockets in human skeletons from mass graves in northern, central and southern Europe that were associated archaeologically with the Black Death and subsequent resurgences. The authors concluded that this new research, together with prior analyses from the south of France and Germany, "ends the debate about the cause of the Black Death, and unambiguously demonstrates that Y. pestis was the causative agent of the epidemic plague that devastated Europe during the Middle Ages"
Oh dear, dear, dear. They have found genetic evidence of a type of bacteria, never shown to be causative of any disease, in some very old mouths. It cannot be shown that the sequences they say are unique to Y. pestis are in fact so, they may also be found in many other bacteria and in other biological material.
The evidence for the transmission via fleas and rats is very embarrassing. They crushed up fleas and injected them into rats, without doing controls and noticed some became ill. Injecting any biological material under the skin (not a normal route of transmission) is likely to make any animal show symptoms. They then put two rats in separate cages, added some fleas and noted that bacteria could be cultured in the ‘uninfected’ rat, no controls. Another experiment using cat fleas and two rats and two mice showed bacteria could be cultured in one rat and one mouse but not in the other two, no controls using two sets of ‘uninfected’ rats. Being able to culture a bacteria (not shown to cause a disease) from animals kept in abnormal laboratory conditions in cages, does not indicate an ‘infection’. The history of the plague and the research on the causative agent Yersinia pestis
The 21st Century DNA analysis is not convincing- amplifying what they are looking for so they can find it; ‘We screened DNA extracts for the presence of the Y pestis-specific (how do they know it’s specific?) pla gene on the pPCP1 plasmid using primers and standards from an established assay, enriched the DNA, and then sequenced it. We reconstructed draft genomes of the infectious Y pestis strains, compared them with a database of (made up) genomes from 131 Y pestis strains from the second and third pandemics, and constructed a maximum likelihood phylogenetic tree.’
There are also theories of volcanoes ( there was volcanic activity recorded in 1348), meteorites and radiation killing people and animals.
Deaths, if there were any, may also have been caused by the measures taken to prevent them; by the use of quarantine; ‘The word "quarantine" has its roots in this period, though the concept of isolating people to prevent the spread of disease is older. The isolation period was later extended to forty days, and given the name "quarantino" from the Italian word for "forty”’, and thereby abandoning, isolating, locking-up and starving those people, and sometimes whole villages, thought to have the pestilence.
The German New Medicine agrees that the deaths and symptoms may be caused by the fear; ‘Symptoms of the Bubonic Plague: dark, purple swellings with the characteristic foul-smelling discharge indicating a skin tuberculosis, linked to a “feeling soiled”-conflict and the panic of contracting an “infectious disease” (the plague). Symptoms of the Pneumonic Plague: a cough with bloody sputum and hemorrhaging of the lungs indicating a lung tuberculosis, linked to a death-fright conflict (fear of the “deadly plague”). NOTE: 95% of the people died of the pneumonic plague!’
In March 2014, after the excavation of a mass grave in London with plague victims of the 14th century, researchers analyzed the teeth of some of the skeletons. The teeth contained indeed the DNA from the bacterium Yersinia pestis (termed “Yersinia pseudotuberculosis”!). However, the DNA analysis revealed that “the Black Death was not bubonic plague, as has been thought, but pneumonic plague.” (Health and Medicine, March 31, 2014). This confirms that the Great Plague was, in reality, an epidemic of death-fright conflicts (triggered by the “deadly disease”) that had seized the European population.’
‘Cures’ involved bloodletting, lancing, rubbing toads and applying leeches to swellings. Sicilian physician Giovanni Filippo Ingrassia was the state-appointed physician in charge of public health during the 1575 plague, the Fauci of his time.
It’s entirely possible that being thought to have the disease, which had varied common and non-specific symptoms, was a death sentence in itself. ‘Father abandoned child, wife husband, one brother another; for this illness seemed to strike through the breath and sight. And so they died.’
People were even afraid to bury the dead; ‘And none could be found to bury the dead for money or friendship.’ This explains why families ended up burying their own dead in double our triple family graves; it was not because grave yards were full to overflowing.
Fear, hysteria and politics should never be underestimated, nor the difficulty of distinguishing ‘leprosy’, ‘smallpox’ or ‘plague’ in art.
‘Some Europeans targeted "various groups such as Jews, friars, foreigners, beggars, pilgrims", lepers, and Romani, blaming them for the crisis. Lepers, and others with skin diseases such as acne or psoriasis, were killed throughout Europe.’ The increases in deaths may have been due to these murders, just like the ‘covid’ deaths were caused by forced ventilation, midazolam and remdisivir.
Following this alleged time of illness ‘it has been speculated that the resulting familiarity with death caused thinkers to dwell more on their lives on Earth, rather than on spirituality and the afterlife. It has also been argued that the Black Death prompted a new wave of piety, manifested in the sponsorship of religious works of art.’
Another interpretation is that the church used this period to commission art and propaganda to show people what happens when they don’t obey the rules. Perhaps like Covid there was no plague, no new Black Death disease, no excess deaths and absolutely nothing to see here at all. The spread of the disease around Europe, put together well after the event, is as fictional as the spread of ‘Covid’ around the world.
To misquote Winston Churchill, Edna St. Vincent Milay, Arnold Toynbee, or any one of a half-dozen other candidates; ‘History is just one damned spin after another.
Thanks for reading Georgie&Donnys Newsletter! Subscribe for free to receive new posts and support my work.
Palaeoecological data indicates land-use changes across Europe linked to spatial heterogeneity in mortality during the Black Death pandemic
Reduction in grain pollen indicates population decline, but not necessarily Black Death mortality‘
What really makes you ill’. Lester and Parker
Why is it that people aren't as vocal about correlation doesn't equal causation here as they are about vaccine injuries?
Edna made quite an impression upon me as a youth, so I liked seeing you refer to her and the spin. In gradeschool, my suspicions grew with every textbook and other books I read that didn't mesh. For instance, growing up in Wyoming in the 60s, we never learned that a concentration camp for the Japanese was located in our state. It wasn't until I was an adult decades later that I discovered what was being carried out clandestinely in a remote area that was known only to those who worked there or transferred people to that site. We would have never tolerated what was going on there. History is one big questionable record of what happened, what didn't actually happen, or how twisted the portrayal became of any event or individual. The blame placed upon rodents was used yet again when the human-borne false flag entrance of hantavirus in more recent history. And now we have a maniacal history of social, political, and medical abuses being created due to computer-generated genome sequencing that has not been substantiated independently by anyone we trust. By the way, who do you trust?